ACVIM Consensus Statement

S. Brown, C. Atkins, R. Bagley et al. : Guidelines for the Identification, Evaluation, and Management of Systemic Hypertension in Dogs and Cats

J Vet Intern Med 2007;21:542–558

Consensus Statements of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) provide veterinarians with guidelines regarding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, or treatment of animal diseases. The foundation of the Consensus Statement is evidence-based medicine, but if such evidence is conflicting or lacking, the panel provides interpretive recommendations on the basis of their collective expertise. The Consensus Statement is intended to be a guide for veterinarians, but it is not a statement of standard of care or a substitute for clinical judgment. Topics of statements and panel members to draft the statements are selected by the Board of Regents with input from the general membership. A draft prepared and input from Diplomates is solicited at the ACVIM Forum and via the ACVIM Web site and incorporated in a final version. This Consensus Statement was approved by the Board of Regents of the ACVIM before publication.

Interesting Articles to read


James R,  Guillot E, Garelli-Paar C, Huxley J, Grassi V, Cobb M:

The SEISICAT study: a pilot study assessing efficacy and safety of spironolactone in cats with congestive heart failure secondary to cardiomyopathy

Journal of Veterinary Cardiology (2018) 20:1-12

Abstract: James et al.: The SEISICAT Study, JVC 2018
James et al., JVC 2018.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 24.7 KB

Review of the SEISICAT study by VBPS

Review: James et al: The SEISICAT Study, JVC 2018
Review James et al., JVC 2018.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 65.9 KB


Ames MK, Atkins CE, Eriksson A, et al.:

Aldosterone breakthrough in dogs with naturally occurring myxomatous mitral valve disease.

Journal of Veterinary Cardiology (2017) 19: 218-227

Abstract: Ames et al.: Aldosterone breakthrough, JVC 2017
Ames et al., JVC 2017.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 22.4 KB

Review of the Aldosterone breakthrough article by VBPS

Review: Ames et al.: Aldosteron breakthrough, JVC 2017
Review Ames et al., JVC 2017 .pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 199.9 KB

Van Zeeland YRA, Wilde A, Bosman IH, Uilenreef JJ, Egner B, Shoemaker NJ:

Non-invasive blood pressure measurement in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) using high definition oscillometry

The Veterinary Journal (2017) 228: 53-62

Abstract: van Zeeland et al.: HDO in ferrets, TVJ 2017
van Zeeland et al., TVJ 2017.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 21.5 KB


Bijsmans ES, Jepson RE, Chang YM et al:

Changes in systolic Blood Pressure over Time in Healthy Cats and Cats with chronic Kidney Disease

J Vet Intern Med (2015) 29: 855-861 (open access)

Free Access: Bijsmans et al.: sBP Cats CKD, JVIM 2017
Bijsmans et al., JVIM 2015.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 164.9 KB


Martel E, Egner B, Brown S, et al: 

Comparison of high-definition oscillometry — a non-invasive technology for arterial blood pressure measurement — with a direct invasive method using radio-telemetry in awake healthy cats             Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2013) 15: 1104-1115

Abstract: Martel et al.: HDO versus inversive Method, JFMS 2013
Martel et al., JFMS 2013.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 22.9 KB


Jepson R:

Feline Systemic Hypertension; Classification and pathogenesis

Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2011) 13: 25-34

Stepien RL:

Feline Systemic Hypertension. Diagnosis and management

Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2011) 13: 35-43


Meyer O, Jenni R, Greiter-Wilke A, et al.:

Comparison of Telemetry and High-Definition Oscillometry for Blood Pressure Measurements in Conscious Dogs: Effects of Torcetrapib.

Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (2010) 49, 4: 464-471

Abstract: Meyer et al.: HDO versus Telemetry; JAALAS 2010
Meyer et al., JAALAS 2010.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 190.6 KB


Jepson RE, Elliott J, Brodbelt D, Syme HM:

Effect of Control of Systolic Blood Pressure on Survival of Cats with Systemic Hypertension

J Vet Intern Med (2007) 21: 402-409 (open access)

Free Access: Jepson et al.: Control of SBP on Survival, JVIM 2007
Jepson et al., JVIM 2007.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 225.8 KB


Forschungsprojekt: Diabetische Katzen mit Hypertonie

Liebe KollegInnen,
Wir (VBPS, veterinary blood pressure society) möchten Sie zur Beihilfe an einem sehr interessanten Forschungsprojekt einladen: Eine Feldstudie an diabetischen Katzen („Neu-Einsteiger“) soll aufzeigen, wieviele solcher Katzen gleichzeitig an DM und Hypertonie leiden, und wieviele „nur“ an DM.

Mehr Informationen erhalten Sie hier >>

We proudly announce the first HDO PWA Award winner: Hannah Piel/Tiho Hannover, Germany


New scientific paper

"Literature Review: Aldosterone breakthrough in dogs with naturally occurring myxomatous mitral valve disease"

Read more: >>

HDO - Blood Pressure and Pulse Wave Analysis (PWA) - Award


We are proud to announce an annual award, given by S+BmedVET: We would like to encourage interested veterinarians from all over the world to contribute to a better understanding of blood pressure and pulse wave analysis (PWA) including but not limited to pharmacologic modelling.(read more >>)